Since 2016, the outcome of key-stage National Curriculum tests have been reported as a scaled score, with a score of 100 representing the expected level for each age group (being “at age-related expectations”).
The idea of assessing children in relation to age-related expectations is the same for each year group. Children will progress through the year, working towards being able to work at the appropriate standard by the end of the year. Once they are working “at age-related expectations,” rather than moving onto the next year’s objectives, they will be given opportunities to deepen their learning and understanding of what has been taught, to promote “mastery” of their knowledge and skills. For example, rather than working with much larger numbers in maths, they will be required to apply their reasoning skills to solve problems and be able to explain their thinking clearly. In English, they may be required to write in greater depth or think more carefully about their word choices in relation to the reader. Children who have specific barriers to learning may be taught using some objectives from the previous year’s curriculum.